You can trade forex in Nigeria by signing up with a licensed and regulated forex broker that accepts traders in Nigeria. You can only access the forex market via the broker’s electronic trading platform which provides advanced trading tools, charts, daily market news and educational material.
Here are frequently asked questions about trading forex in Nigeria and valuable tips on how to manage your risk.
What is forex trading?
Forex stands for foreign exchange. Trading forex involves speculating on currency prices and potentially making profit when the prices rise or fall in the right direction.
Currency is traded in pairs where one currency is speculated to rise or fall against another currency. Most beginner forex traders trade the major currency pairs which include the US Dollar, Euro, Japanese Yen, British Pound and Swiss Franc.
Retail traders can only access the forex market via a broker using their electronic trading platform. It’s recommended that forex traders in Nigeria only trade currency pairs with a broker that is licensed and regulated in the UK, Europe or Nigeria.
7 tips to help you choose a forex broker in Nigeria
Choosing which forex broker to use to trade forex in Nigeria is one of the most important decisions you’ll make. The forex market is the largest and one of the most liquid asset class on the global financial markets. Trading forex is risky and there is a high chance you will lose money when starting out as a new trader. Choose a reputable forex broker you can trust and beware of dishonest forex brokers and forex scams in Nigeria.
Our pick of the 10 best forex brokers in Nigeria HERE.
Choose a forex broker that’s regulated by a top-tier authority
It’s highly recommended you open a forex account in Nigeria with a broker that is licensed and regulated by a Top-tier authority. Their regulation status should be available on their website but you should still check their regulation status with the authority to make sure that their membership is valid and they have not been de-regulated.
The top 5 regulatory authorities in the world are:
- United Kingdom : FCA and PRA
- Australia : ASIC
- Switzerland : FDF
- Hong Kong : SFC
- Denmark : DFSA
Don’t be taken in by flashy websites or “get rich quick” promises. Scam brokers are known to develop fancy-looking websites which make them look like a legit forex broker. Choose a broker that is well-established, well-known and receives good reviews for its ease of withdrawals.
Choose a forex broker that offers MetaTrader 4
MetaTrader 4 (MT4) is the best trading platform for beginners as well as intermediate and advanced traders. It’s the most popular trading platform in the world and the majority of global broker offer is as a primary platform or an alternative to their own trading platform.
Forex trading platforms are your gateway to the financial markets. Retail forex traders cannot access the forex market without going through a broker and trading via their platforms. MT4 acts as a bridge between you and your broker and the forex market. MT4 has a user-interface and is built with advanced trading tools and analysis software.
Choose a forex broker that offers a free demo account
A free demo account is a basic requirement of a reputable forex broker. If a broker wants you to deposit funds to start trading instantly on a live account; watch out; it’s a scam.
All regulated forex and CFDs brokers that you can trust offer a free demo account. The aim is to give beginner traders time to build up experience and hone their trading strategy without the risk of losing their own money. With a demo account, you trade forex with virtual money in real time.
Choose a forex broker that offers competitive account features
The key account features to consider when looking for a forex broker in Nigeria are:
Minimum deposit required
The minimum deposit is the amount of money you need in your trading account to open a position. Initial deposits range from $0 to $100 on mini, micro and Standard accounts.
Beginner traders usually pick a forex broker that requires a small initial deposit and then use leverage to open a larger position than they can fund themselves. Remember, use leverage with extreme caution.
Leverage available on a margin account
Leverage allows forex traders to open larger positions sizes with a smaller initial deposit. You access leverage in your margin account. As a trader, it’s crucial that you understand both the benefits and the pitfalls of trading with leverage.
Leverage can magnify your profits but it can also wipe out your capital. Use leverage with caution when trading forex in Nigeria.
Spread and commissions
Forex brokers make money on the spread. This is the difference between the bid and ask price of a currency pair. Forex brokers generally don’t charge commission on Standard accounts; usually only account types like Professional ECNs are commission-based.
A reputable forex broker will be transparent about what fees and commissions they charge, and whether they offer fixed or variable spreads. Shop around for the best forex broker that suits your trading style.
Choose a forex broker that makes it easy to deposit and withdraw funds
Forex brokers have different deposit and withdrawal policies for funding trading accounts. Check if the forex broker charges a fee for deposits and withdrawals.
The most common ways to deposit and withdraw money from your trading account are bank/wire transfers, credit card payment or e-wallet payment with PayPal, Skrill or Neteller.
You can spot a scam forex broker by reading online reviews. The first sign they are dodgy is if there are a lot of complaints about not being able to withdraw money from a trading account. The broker has probably taken the money and run.
Check how many currency pairs are offered
Currency pairs are categorised as major, minor and exotic pairs. The majority of forex traders speculate on the major currency pairs which have the greatest liquidity. Liquidity means they can be bought and sold easily because they are in higher demand. Choose a forex broker that offers currency pairs that you are interested in trading.
Choose a forex broker that offers good customer service
Retail forex traders access the forex market via trading platforms so the process is fully automated. However, when things go wrong, you need someone to talk to who can help you resolve the problem. The forex market operates 24-hours a day, 5-days a week. Your broker should be available to support you when the forex market is open.
You can check how good a forex broker’s customer support is by checking online reviews or calling their Customer Support to experience for yourself what type of service they deliver.
How to open a forex trading account in Nigeria
You open a forex trading account in Nigeria by signing up with a broker that accepts traders in your jurisdiction. Remember, only use a licensed and regulated broker who is well-established and is safe to use.
Step 1: Test drive different forex brokers
The best way to choose the right broker for your trading style is to give them a test drive. You can do this by signing up for a free demo account on at least three broker platforms. Demo accounts aren’t a 100-percent test of broker performance because you are not trading in live conditions. However, they do give you time to test the trading platform and response to queries.
Demo accounts are free to open and you trade with virtual money. There is no risk; you won’t lose a cent of your own money even when things go horribly wrong. Demo accounts are the best way to put a forex broker to the test; just close down the account if you aren’t satisfied.
Step 2: Register an account with the best forex broker
You’ve picked the best forex broker for your trading needs and now it’s time to start trading live with real money. When you are ready to open a live account, choose between a personal or a business account. If you’re a beginner forex trader, you’ll open a personal account.
Registration involves some paperwork which you usually submit in PDF format. Most forex brokers don’t charge to open an account but check what other fees you will be charged. For instance, how much does it cost to deposit money into your account by bank transfer or credit card. These costs add up and eat into your profits.
Step 3: Choose the type of account to open
Forex brokers offer different types of account; ranging from mini, micro and Standard accounts to Professional and Raw Spread accounts. Beginner forex traders start with a Standard commission-free account and trade in lots.
A great way to learn how to trade forex is to copy other traders. This is called social trading and it’s done on social trading platforms, which are a new addition to forex trading. You benefit by learning from the pros who also usually mentor you, and you can keep your day job while expert traders do the hard work for you.
Step 4: Account activation
Your account will be activated once the broker has received all the necessary paperwork and validated your details. You should receive an email within a few days of registering an account that gives you instructions on how to complete your account activation.
You’ll get a final email with your username and password as well as instructions on how to fund your account.
Step 5: Deposit funds and start trading
Log into your forex trading account and follow the instructions to deposit funds using whatever method you prefer.
Now you’re all set to start trading forex!
Log into your account, set up your charts on the trading platform and place your first order. Don’t forget to manage your risk; always set up stop loss orders and other tools that safeguard you from losing money when trading currency pairs.
How to become a successful forex trader in Nigeria
Forex trading is not a “get rich quick” scheme. It’s one of the most risky financial instruments to trade because you can use leverage to speculate on currency pair prices. The biggest mistake beginner traders make and why they lose money trading forex is they overleverage positions. This means you’re trading with more money than you have available.
Our #1 tip for beginner forex traders is sign up for a forex trading course with a reputable trading academy. You can do this online at the same time you’re experimenting with forex trading using a free demo account.
5 benefits of online trading courses
- Learn the fundamentals of forex trading
Gain an in-depth understanding of foreign exchange and how to master the trade. Successful forex traders understand how currency values are determined, how to identify trends and factors that can impact on currency prices.
- Develop a trading strategy
Trading requires discipline and a sound strategy that suits your needs. Forex trading is risky so it’s important to adopt a trading philosophy that will be a strong foundation as you learn and grow as a forex trader.
- Learn to walk before you run
Beginner forex traders need to be patient and learn the basics of trading before they start trading larger positions. Even experienced traders make mistakes and dedicate time to managing their risk and honing their trading skills. Online trading courses are practical as well as informative.
- Online mentoring
Forex trading courses are usually supported by expert traders who mentor newbies on their journey to becoming a successful trader. Forex mentors answer questions, share their trading secrets and show you how to manage risk.
- Networking and copy trading
Forex traders become part of an online community that is willing to share their knowledge and expertise. You’ll meet fellow beginner traders online as well as expert traders who’ll support you as you grow and develop as a forex trader in Nigeria. Forex is a global market so you can learn from the best around the world.
Is forex trading legal in Nigeria?
Yes, forex trading is legal in Nigeria. The industry is not officially regulated but there are legal guidelines you must follow that have been set out by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN).
The most important thing to remember is forex traders in Nigeria must pay tax on earnings. All profits from forex trading are classified as Capital Gains Tax and are taxed at 10 percent of the gross.
If a Nigerian resident generates profit from trading in an offshore trading account while residing within the borders of Nigeria, the profit is regarded as normal taxable income and needs to be declared in their tax returns. In this case, it doesn’t matter where the income originates from, but rather where the person resides while generating that income.
Lastly, forex traders in Nigeria who are trading on behalf of someone else must register as Fund/Portfolio Managers with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in Nigeria.
Is it safe to trade forex in Nigeria?
Yes, it is safe to trade forex in Nigeria is you use a broker that is licensed and regulated by a Top-tier authority. Trading foreign exchange is risky and many people lose money trading this asset class. To protect yourself, you need to use the trading tools available such as limit orders and stop-loss orders.
There has been a surge of interest in trading forex in Nigeria in recent years, even more so with the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic. There is not an official regulatory authority in Nigeria that monitors and controls what brokers are doing in the country which is why the Nigeria forex market on its own is not very reliable. The majority of Nigeria-based forex brokers are still operating illegally and without a license.
At this point in time, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) is responsible for regulating, monitoring and controlling all financial activities in Nigeria. The state bank has released guidelines to protect retail traders and has the legal banking of the government to control preserve the integrity of the financial markets in Nigeria.
FOREX TRADING AFRICA DISCLAIMER
Forex is a complex instruments and trading forex involves a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. You need to understand how forex trading works and decide whether you can afford to take the risk of losing money on trade orders that do not go your way.
Forex Trading Africa annually reviews brokers regarded as the best in the world and provides information on the products, fee structure, market analysis and service they offer. We aim to provide important information for you to base your decisions on when choosing the right forex broker for your needs.